How to ensure that your article is put into the review pipeline

Authors must comply with five rules if they want to ensure that their article actually makes it into the review process: once there, the article can stand on its own merits.

First, AfJARE is focussed on publishing scholarly articles that contribute to the existing literature by providing new insights, either through the problems they address, the methods they employ or the theoretical and practical insights gained from the results. Authors are advised to explicitly state the contribution of their article upfront.

Second, the Journal has a Guide to Authors (see below). We expect authors to submit articles that comply with these guidelines, especially with respect to language editing and compliance with the Journal’s style of presentation of references, Tables and Figures, etc.

Third, context is important, because our Journal covers the whole of the (very heterogeneous) continent and one cannot assume that readers from one part of the continent have detailed knowledge of another part of the continent, or that readers who have an interest in one commodity know much about other commodities. The interpretation of the results of your study is dependent, at least partly, on the recent performance of agriculture in [country x] in terms of factors such as output (growth, per capita output growth, the portfolio of production and changes), export and import trends (changes in composition, in countries of destination and origin, etc.) – agriculture in general and the commodity in question specifically. Obviously not all of this information is always required, but readers do require a paragraph or two of context.

Fourth, the weight of references should be to peer-reviewed work, and especially that published in the past five years: it is difficult to gauge the contribution of an article that does not engage the most recent literature.

Fifth, AfJARE tries its best not to publish articles that cite work from the so-called ‘predatory Journals’. These are not difficult to identify - in this regard, Beall’s list is consulted extensively (  The fewer citations these journals get the better.

Guidelines for Authors

  • All articles, whether in English or in French, must be submitted to the Editor by email only at Note that no other form of submission will be accepted.

·       Articles will be accepted in English or French and will be published in the language of submission.

  • Contributions are received on the understanding that they comprise original, unpublished materials and are not being submitted for publication elsewhere. The corresponding author must declare this explicitly in the e-mail that accompanies the submission.
  • All articles will be refereed in a double blind procedure to ensure both accuracy and relevance, and amendments to the script may thus be required before final acceptance.

Submission of manuscripts 

  • Submit your article in a single MSWord® file in 12 point Times New Roman font, single spacing unnumbered pages with A4 paper size and two centimetre borders to Use simple styles (i.e. no spacing Before or After, etc.)

  • ONLY soft copy manuscripts will be accepted.

  • On the first page of the manuscript, supply the names, affiliations and contact details (including full postal address and e-mail address) of all authors. Identify the corresponding author with an asterisk. There must be no other reference elsewhere in the manuscript that would identify an author.

  • Articles should be no longer than 6 500 words in length. Book Reviews are also welcomed. The word length is for the complete submission, including abstract, footnotes, tables, references and appendices.

  • Please have the final version of your manuscript language edited before submitting it. As AfJARE does not have the resources to see to the professional editing of articles, it remains the authors’ responsibility. If this is not done, articles will be rejected.

  • Please ensure that you are sending us the final and complete version of your article.

  • The Editors reserve the right to adjust style to certain standards for uniformity. After your article has been accepted it will be copy edited and any queries the copy editor may have will be e-mailed to you. Please reply to these promptly (within days). Be clear and specific in your responses and eliminate guesswork.

Preparation of manuscripts

  • Abstract: Provide an abstract of no more than 150 words, outlining in a single paragraph the aims, scope and conclusions of the article.

  • Key words: Provide no more than five keywords that can be used in electronic searches for your article.

  • Footnotes: These should be indicated in the text by superior Arabic numerals that run consecutively through the article (MS Word does this automatically). Do not use endnotes. 

  • Units: All measurements should be given in metric (SI) units. 

  • Tables and Figures should be included in the article in the correct place and not in a separate file. Number the Tables and Figures consecutively and give each a caption - above for a Table and below for a Figure. Type any notes below the Tables and Figures, and refer to these by superscript lowercase letters. Tables and Figures must be original and not cut and pasted. No tables, figures or maps from any other publication will be accepted without the publisher’s permission attached at first submission of the article.

  • Tables should have full gridlines and the contents should be in Times New Roman 10 point font.

References and citations

  • Include an alphabetical list of references at the end of the paper. 

  • Supply full details for each reference (e.g. the date and place of publication, the name of the printer or publisher, the volume and issue numbers of journals, the page range of articles and chapters, the day and month of seminars and conferences). When listing a website source, please include the date the source was accessed. 

  • List only the sources directly cited in the article. (Remember also to list sources of tables and figures.)

  • Ensure that all sources cited are included in the list. 

  • Use the Harvard method, i.e. cite author’s name and the date of publication, thus: (Mapule 2000). Cite sources with two authors thus: (Smith & Jones 2002), and sources with more than two thus: (Hassan et al. 2004). When citing more than one source, use date order, thus: (Prinsloo 2000; Ncube 2003). List publications by the same author(s) in the same year as 2002a, 2002b, etc. 

The following examples show the styles to use in the list of references:

Journal article 

Mapule R, 2000. The environment in Lesotho. Journal of Green Economies 2(3): 470–98.

Greene WH, 2003. Econometric analysis. Fifth edition. New Jersey, Prentice Hall. 


ILO, 2012. ILO Global estimate of forced labour: results and methodology. Geneva, International Labour Office Special Action Programme to Combat Forced Labour.

Chapter in book or article in edited work

Anselin L, 2001. Spatial econometrics. In Baltagi B (ed.), A Companion to Theoretical Econometrics. Oxford: Blackwell.

Unpublished report, departmental working paper, thesis etc.

Vermeulen H, Jordaan D, Korsten L& Kirsten J, 2006. Private standards, handling and hygiene in fruit export supply chains: A preliminary evaluation of the economic impact of parallel standards. Working paper No. 2, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Pretoria, South Africa

Conference paper 

Delgado, CL & Siamwalla, A, 1997. Diversification in developing countries. Paper read at the 23rd International Conference of Agricultural Economists, 10–16 August, Sacramento, California, USA

 Electronic text

Shoprite, 2012. Available at (Accessed 15 October 2012)